Abandoned Prison Man Hole Sign - Stock Image

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A boulder labeled with directions to an old man hole is one of the few signs that life once existed at the Gordon Hirabayashi Recreation Site, which was once known as the Catalina Federal Honor Camp in the Coronado National Forest on Mt. Lemmon outside of Tucson, Arizona. This camp was in service from 1939 to 1973 and housed prisoners who worked building the Mt. Lemon Highway. Since the prison had not fences or guard towers, the prisoners consisted mainly of conscientious objectors, those who broke tax or immigration laws and Japanese Americans that protested their interment during the beginning of the World War II. Gordon Hirabayashi was one of these, who instead of reporting for relocation, turned himself into the FBI, protesting the constitutionality of the government's action. He was found guilty of violating the internment and the associated curfew, asked that his sentence be extended so he could work on the honor crew, and when the goverment refused to pay for his travel to this prison camp, Mr. Hirabayashi hitchhiked to Tucson to serve his time here. In 1987 his case was reopened and the Circuit Court of Appeals overturned it. A federal commission then found that the Japanese internment had been motivated by racial prejudice and wartime hysteria, which precipitated an official apology and clarification of civil rights for all citizens during wartime.
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