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Cumberland Island is the largest and southernmost barrier island in Georgia. It was the private playground of Thomas Carnegie and his wife Lucy with some descendants still owning property on the island. In 1972, a large portion of Cumberland was turned over to the Federal Government by the Carnegie family and it was turned into a National Seashore. With little commercial development, Cumberland’s eco-system has remained relatively stable over the last several hundred years.
However, barrier Islands are dynamic environments. For visitors who spend a few hours or a few days on Cumberland this soon becomes apparent. Wind shapes the dunes, Fire shapes the plant and animal communities that depend on them, and humans leave their impact too.
Cumberland Island supports a rich diversity of animals, plants and offers amazing views of the Atlantic Ocean and Cumberland Sound.