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Italy, Rome: detail of the monument Ara Pacis. The Ara Pacis Augustae (Latin, "Altar of Augustan Peace"; commonly shortened to Ara Pacis) is an altar to Peace, envisioned as a Roman goddess. It was commissioned by the Roman Senate on 4 July 13 BC to honor the triumphal return from Hispania and Gaul of the Roman emperor Augustus.
The female figure is thought by some to be Tellus (mother Earth) seated and surrounded by symbols of fertility (children and fruits in her lap, peaceful animals at her feet and the personification of fertilizing water and wind at her sides). Others believe she is Venus Genetrix or Peace seated among her fruits.