"Japanese Asian bamboo forest green dream photograph - reaching for the sky in Fukuoka, Japan. Bamboo is the fastest-growing known plant on Earth; it has been measured surging skyward as fast as 121 cm (48 in) in a 24-hour period, and can also reach maximal growth rate exceeding one meter (39 inches) per hour for short periods of time. Many prehistoric bamboos exceeded heights of 85 metres (280 ft). Primarily growing in regions of warmer climates during the Cretaceous period, vast fields existed in what is now Asia.Unlike trees, all bamboo has the potential to grow to full height and girth in a single growing season of 3aa4 months. During this first season, the clump of young shoots grow vertically, with no branching. In the next year, the pulpy wall of each culm slowly dries and hardens. The culm begins to sprout branches and leaves from each node."