Meroë, Begarawiyah, Kush, Sudan: Nubian pyramids of Meroe, tombs of the Kushite kingdoms - South Necropolis and North Necropolis (foreground and background respectively) - located 200 kilometers northeast of Khartoum near the village of Bagrawiya, spread over small hills. In total there are more than 900 pyramids and tombs. The pyramids, mostly built of stone, are significantly smaller than the Egyptian pyramids with a height of less than 30 meters and served as burial places for the kings, queens and high officials of the historical empire of Kush in Nubia. Construction ranges from around 300 BC to about AD 300. The first pyramid at Meroe that can be attributed to King Ergamenes, who died about 280 BC.