The Tule Elk (Cervus canadensis nannodes) is a small elk found only in California. It lives in the grasslands and marshlands of the Central Valley to the grassy hills of the Pacific Coast. At one time, an estimated 500,000 tule elk roamed this region. By 1870 they were thought to be extinct. In 1874 a single breeding pair was found in the tule marshes of the southern San Joaquin Valley. In the 1970’s conservation measures were taken to protect the elk. Today, the wild population numbers about 5,700. This bull elk is silhouetted on a hillside at Tomales Point in Point Reyes National Seashore north of San Francisco, California, USA.